When it’s caught early, prostate cancer can be cured.
Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in American men. But it grows slowly, and most men can beat it, with treatment.
What is the prostate?
The prostate is a small gland in men that is part of the reproductive system. It’s about the shape and size of a walnut. The prostate helps make semen, which carries sperm from the testicles.
Are you at risk for prostate cancer?
A lot of men with prostate cancer don’t have symptoms until their cancer gets worse. That’s why you should know your risks:
Age – About three out of every ve prostate cancers are found in men over 65.
Family history – Men whose fathers or brothers have prostate cancer are twice as likely to have it.
Race – Men of African descent are more likely to get prostate cancer than men of other races.
Weight – Being very overweight can lead to a delay in nding the cancer, so it has more time to grow.
Diet – Men who eat a lot of red meat and high-fat dairy, and don’t eat many fruits and vegetables, have a higher risk of getting prostate cancer.
Getting checked for prostate cancer
Since most men don’t have any symptoms, it is often found during a routine digital rectal exam (DRE). There is also a blood test, called the prostate speci c antigen (PSA) test. It screens for raised levels of PSA, a protein made by the prostate.
While most men don’t notice any symptoms, men who do notice some of these:
Urinating a lot, especially at night
Trouble starting or controlling urination, weak or interrupted ow, or pain } Trouble getting an erection
Painful ejaculation, or blood or urine in semen
Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
When caught early, nine in ten prostate cancers can be cured.Treatments include:
Checking the cancer for signs that it is getting worse. Since prostate cancer grows slowly, sometimes men will not have treatment at this early stage to avoid the side effects.
Surgery. The prostate gland and some nearby tissue are removed.
Radiation. Radioactive beams or metal pellets kill the cancer cells.
Cryosurgery. Instead of removing the prostate, surgeons destroy it using very cold gas.
Hormone therapy. The cancer stops growing or shrinks, so it is easier to treat.
Chemotherapy, if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Vaccination. The immune system is triggered to attack prostate cancer cells in the body
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